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Monday, October 7, 2019

Acute Depression

Acute depression is a serious mental disorder.    

Modern society is very “advanced” technologically and socially, but, as for the emotional world of a person, everything remains as before. Millions of people suffer from unrequited love, struggle with their fears and nightmares.

In our time, depression has become one of the most common mental disorders, but at the same time, it is usually “covered with a veil of silence.” As a rule, they try not to talk about this disease.

If a person does this, he usually hears a banality in reply: “You need to cheer up”, “The main thing is willpower” or “You have to pull yourself together”.  

In many, “depression” is associated with “sadness.” They think that you just need to smile more, change the situation, etc. But in reality, this is a much more serious and profound problem.  

It is important to understand that sadness in essence helps a person to somehow adapt to the situation: it encourages him to think, to understand the causes of problems and failures, to look for a way out of an unpleasant situation.

In the case of acute depression, sadness do not contribute to adaptation, on the contrary,  it seems to be connected to the influx of gloomy and hopeless thoughts and images. It drains a person, and he feels completely defenseless before the darkness on him.

In this article, we will talk about the features and symptoms of acute depression.

01. Loss of interest in life in acute depression

In principle, no depression, and acute – especially, is not described by the notion of sadness.

What happens to a person in this mental disorder can be defined as “loss of interest in life.”  It takes different forms:

  • Loss of interest in what surrounds us.  
  • Inability to experience a sense of pleasure from anything.
  • Extreme fatigue.
  • Constant irritability.
  • Lack of initiative.
  • Inability to engage in any activity, and not because of problems with the physical condition; just a person does not have energy and desire.

2. Symptoms that always occur with depression

In the Spanish manual on psychiatry Manual Diagnostico y Estadístico de Trastornos Mentales (DSM-V), the symptoms are given, which are diagnosed as “depression.”

Here are the main of them:

  • A depressed state in which a person is in most of the day and almost every day
  • Loss of interest in activities that people used to like before
  • Insomnia or excessive drowsiness
  • Rapid weight gain or the same rapid weight loss
  • Problems with concentration and inability to make decisions
  • Guilt
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Inactivity of movements

3. Aspects that are not associated with acute depression

Diagnostic textbooks talk about aspects that are sometimes mistakenly associated with depression. In fact, they are not among the symptoms of this disease.

These are the following aspects:

  • Pain after losing a loved one or a serious divorce is  not an expression of depression (pain is a normal process by which a person reacts to such a loss).
  • Depression is also not associated with manic and psychotic disorders.

4. There are different types of acute depression

With mental disorders, each case can be considered unique, each patient has its own characteristics that need to be considered.

But you also need to know that there are two subtypes of acute depression.

These are the subtypes:

  • A single case of acute depression: it happens to a person once in a lifetime.
  • Recurrent acute depression: this variant is more common. In many patients, acute depression occurs in adolescence, then it recurs in adulthood.

5. Why does depression appear?

Researchers of depression have found answers not to all questions, this disease remains in many ways mysterious not only for patients, but also for medical science.

Its appearance and development can not be explained by any one factor, it is a multifactor phenomenon.

  • On the one hand, there is often a genetic predisposition to it.
  • Education, the possible experiences of mental trauma, too, play a role. 
  • Another factor can be severe experiences in adolescence, social problems.
  • Very important in this respect are certain personality characteristics (low self-esteem, “learned helplessness,” cognitive problems.)
  • Economic problems, the situation of the economic crisis, too, can play a role in the emergence and development of the disease.

And finally, one should not forget about the “chemistry” of the body: depression can be associated with a lower level of dopamine. In this case, you need to take appropriate medications.

6. You can cope with acute depression

In the fight against depression, different methods and means are used, and the more they are at our disposal, the better.

  • As the main such methods it is possible to allocate reception of patients psycho pharmacological preparations and psychotherapy (especially effective in this case is considered cognitive-behavioral therapy).
  • On the other hand, we have at our disposal mindfulness-practice, rational-emotional therapy, assertiveness training, problem-solving training.

Involving the patient in these activities, we will achieve that the disease will begin to recede, and the patient will return to normal life.

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