And statistics say that women develop lung cancer and rectal cancer more and more. Although men, of course, are not immune from these diseases.
We will give information about cancer of the rectum, which women should know.
Rectal cancer in women
Cancer of the rectum usually occurs in women older than 50 years. But in ten percent of cases it affects much younger women.
Cases of colorectal cancer in girls under the age of 20 have been documented.
Until recently, this disease was more common in men, but in recent years, doctors have recorded an increase in cancer of the rectum in women.
Although the exact reasons for this remain unknown, it seems that influences such factors as smoking and a certain lifestyle.
But it should be noted that, as mentioned above, this disease is found in young women and women who lead a healthy lifestyle.
We give a series of data that you need to know about and which you need to keep in mind.
What is rectal cancer?
Cancer of the rectum develops in the rectum. It begins almost always the same way: there are abnormal outgrowths of the mucous membrane of the intestinal wall in the form of small polyps.
With such polyps you can live for many years, but there is always a risk that the polyp cells will turn into malignant ones. Then there is the main symptom of rectal cancer – discharge of blood from the anus.
Polyps are usually of two types:
- Adenomatous polyps (they usually lead to cancer).
- Inflammatory polyps and hyperplastic polyps. They are found most often and do not mutate into carcinogenic cells.
Symptoms of colorectal cancer in women
In general, the symptoms of colorectal cancer in women and men are the same. The difference is that women cannot attach importance to them or confuse them with other symptoms.
- Alternation of constipation and diarrhea: It should be borne in mind that such a symptom often happens in women, so they usually do not rush to address this to the doctor.
- Fatigue, lack of energy: This is also a common symptom for women.
- Bloating, a feeling of heaviness in the stomach, slow digestion…
- Sudden appearance of an admixture of blood in the feces. If you add to this noticeable weight loss, you need to urgently go to the doctor.
- Sometimes the secretion of blood is not visible in the stool. But the disease can make itself felt anemia. We can explain it by other causes, but behind it can be cancer of the rectum.
Many of these symptoms can occur due to other diseases, such as colitis, food allergies, ulcers, problems with the gallbladder… In any case, a visit to the doctor will help dispel doubts.
The main thing – early detection
Cancer of the rectum attacks both men and women. In medical institutions, programs for the early detection of this disease should be in place.
If we go to a gynecological examination, we should ask you to check the condition of the rectum in the following cases:
- If we are more than fifty years old.
- If we find blood in the feces and there are constant pains in the abdomen.
- If the cancer of the rectum was at one of the relatives.
In this case, the feces are examined for the presence of an impurity in the blood and a colonoscopy is performed. The last procedure is not very “pleasant”, but it is vital to do it.
According to Dr. Antonio Linares of Senator Covadonga (Spain), due to early detection of possible symptoms, 90% of patients can be cured. This is explained simply:
A malignant tumor is always preceded by a polyp. In the first stages this formation is benign, and only then, if it is not removed, it can degenerate into a malignant tumor.
Thus, with the help of regular preventive examinations and necessary treatment, the incidence of colorectal cancer can be dramatically reduced.
This is important to keep in mind.