Cervical cancer – this is one of the types of cancer, which today affects many women around the world.
This disease is caused by abnormal growth of cells in the cervix, later they turn into tumor cells and become malignant.
And despite the fact that doctors have learned to diagnose cervical cancer in time and even picked up treatment, this disease still ranks fourth in the number of deaths from cancer among women aged 30 to 59 years.
In most cases, the development of this disease is directly related to infection caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), but there may be other causes.
And since many still do not have the necessary information on this topic, in our today’s article we will tell you about 7 factors that can affect the development of cervical cancer. Read on!
1. Human papillomavirus (HPV)
In 98% of cases, precancerous formations, which are subsequently transformed into cervical cancer, are somehow associated with any type of human papillomavirus.
The carriers of this virus are men, but they transmit it to women during sexual intercourse.
To date, the most effective way to prevent infection with this virus is a vaccine that is vaccinated between the ages of 9 and 45 in three doses.
2. Early onset of sexual activity
The early onset of sexual activity can be very harmful to women, because when the uterus has not reached a certain degree of its “maturity”, it is more vulnerable and susceptible to viruses and diseases.
Sexual education can be a solution in this matter, so young people will be better informed and will come to understand all possible risks and consequences for health.
Abuse of cigarettes is not only the main cause of lung cancer, but also an influential factor that contributes to the development of other diseases, including oncological diseases.
Women who smoke every day are 4 times more likely to face cervical cancer compared to those who do not subject themselves to the negative effects of tobacco smoke.
This is because the harmful substances contained in tobacco contribute to the rapid growth of cells and their transformation into malignant formations.
4. Prolonged intake of oral contraceptives
Despite the fact that to date, oral contraceptives have undergone a number of changes (their composition has changed for the better) and the risks have become minimal, yet the probability of a bad scenario is there.
Admission of such funds for 5 years or more increases the risk of developing this type of oncology.
This is one of the possible reasons, however, as we already mentioned above, the main factor is the human papillomavirus.
5. Inactive way of life
Women who are overweight, or those who lead a sedentary lifestyle, are also more prone to developing cervical cancer in adulthood.
After all, this causes blood circulation problems, and therefore the risk of infection with an infection is significantly increased.
In addition, excess fat and toxins increase and accelerate the proliferation (proliferation) of tumor cells, which leads to a worsening of the patient’s condition.
6. Infection with chlamydia
Chlamydia is a fairly common type of bacteria that can infect the organs of the female reproductive system.
Chlamydia is transmitted and sexually, by the way, it is one of the causes of infertility, as it affects the organs of the small pelvis (leads to inflammation), and this immediately affects fertility.
In addition, blood tests made it possible to establish that women who have encountered or had previously experienced chlamydia are at greater risk of developing cervical cancer than those who have never suffered from the negative effects of these bacteria.
In most cases, the “presence” of chlamydia in your body is difficult to notice, because there are no obvious symptoms, but they are easy to detect during a routine gynecological examination.
As with other types of cancer, cervical cancer can also be associated with genetics.
Women, whose relatives suffered from cancer, are more predisposed to the development of this disease (risks increase 2-3 times) than those who have a family history in this regard is “clean.”
Some experts suspect that such a family trend is due to heredity, which reduces the ability of the body’s immune system to fight the human papillomavirus.
Given all of the above, the best way to prevent this disease is to regularly appear at the gynecologist and undergo examinations (if necessary, take tests).
Pap smear and HPV testing can identify cervical cancer in the early stages of development, which is important, because only in this way can ensure timely treatment.