Hernias occur when a piece of a soft organ or tissue leaves the abdomen through an existing hole in the muscular layer, and they are usually caused by the failure of the abdominal wall’s resistance mechanisms against an increasing pressure.
Types of hernias
We can divide the hernias into four large groups:
Inguinal hernia: These are the most frequent hernias and are located in the groin region. Inguinals are more frequent in males and sometimes descend to the testicle while in females they go by a different name and resemble ganglia in the groin.
Umbilical and epigastric hernias: They are very frequent and, as the name suggests, appear in the navel or above it. Its appearance is almost always related to pregnancy or weight gain.
Eventrations: These are the hernias that appear in the scar of old operations and that in most cases have been caused by poor healing in the first operation due to bleeding, abscess or uncontrolled efforts that have caused a poor closure of the wound.
Other hernias: There are other types of hernias, much less frequent, such as the pararectal or Spiegel or lumbar hernias.
What are the symptoms?
In most cases, they are identified by the spontaneous appearance of a lump because of some effort or when getting up and they also later hide when lying down or with manual help.
Although the possibility of strangulation scares, that is to say, when the lump evidently does not return to the inside of the abdominal cavity and hurts, this rarely happens, but if so it must be operated urgently.
What are the causes of hernias?
Most hernias occur in the abdominal wall, which runs just below the sternum in a downward direction, to the groin. The wall is similar to the rubber of a tire. It surrounds and protects the organs in the same way that a tire surrounds and protects the air chamber inside.
Hernias occur when a part of the abdominal wall wears or tears. This can occur for several reasons:
A congenital weakness of a part of the abdominal wall.
An area of the abdominal wall weakens over time due to physical exertion, injury, pregnancy or aging.
Weakness or tear occurs in the area of a previous surgical incision.
No matter what the cause, it is important to consult the doctor and request an examination. Keep in mind that hernias do not improve over time or go away on their own. In fact, they increase in size and get worse.
Stress is one of the main causes of hernias in adults since it produces acidity and, consequently, the acid reflux that causes pain, it is very common to develop umbilical hernias because of this. Therefore, the effects of yoga effectively help through meditation, breathing and different positions, to manage stress.
Teas and herbs
Herbs are very useful to reduce the pain, swelling, and inflammation of many hernias. It is an easy hernia treatment at home since it can be used as a homemade paste, outside the area of the affected hernia to relieve symptoms; in the form of a supplement, it can also be taken to strengthen the abdominal wall.
Acid reflux can also be combated with chamomile grass. This herb helps soothe the lining of the digestive tract and prevents the production of acids in the stomach.
There is also a mixture of succulent plants such as lychee seeds, hawthorn, fennel and citrus which is widely used in China to treat umbilical hernias in adults. This mixture repairs and strengthens the weakened wall of the abdomen. It is much more effective when a hernia is beginning to develop, as it helps limit its growth.
The treatment is based on its size and the severity of the symptoms, so you may not need surgical treatment. The doctor will simply monitor a hernia for possible complications.
The symptoms of some hernias can often be treated simply by changing the diet. Avoid heavy meals and overeating, do not lie down or bend over after a meal, and keep body weight in a healthy range. If these dietary changes do not eliminate the discomfort, surgery may be needed to correct a hernia.