Irregular Menstruation is a hormonal process, on which the physical and mental health of a woman largely depends.
As a rule, menstruation occurs every 28 days and can last from three to six days, depending on the hormonal activity in the body of a woman.
During the cycle, a series of changes occurs in the body of the woman, many do not pay attention to, but they affect the sexuality and the probability of conception.
The production of hormones in the body varies depending on the age of the woman: from adolescence and before the onset of menopause.
Any violation of the menstrual cycle indicates a health problem, or at least a hormonal failure.
An earlier or later irregularity in menstruation may indicate some abnormality in the body.
This is not necessarily a sign of a serious illness, but it is advisable to pay attention to one’s health in order to make sure that no inflammatory processes take place in the body.
In this article, we will talk about the six most common causes of the disordered menstrual cycle.
1. Thyroid disorders
Thyroid dysfunction is usually the main cause of the irregular menstrual cycle.
This body is responsible for the production of important hormones, so the imbalance of the thyroid gland causes at least 15% of cases of amenorrhea or a disturbed menstrual cycle.
This gland controls simultaneously the endocrine system, metabolism and sexual activity.
2. You stopped taking oral contraceptives
Oral contraceptives do not allow a woman to become pregnant.
They maintain a high level of estrogen in the body, which is perceived by the body as a pregnancy and interferes with fertilization.
21 days after taking oral contraceptives, menstruation comes as usual.
Unfortunately, very often, when women stop taking oral contraceptives, menstruation becomes irregular or even disappears due to sudden hormonal changes.
It is estimated that approximately 29% of women who stop taking oral contraceptives suffer from cycle disorders for about 3 months.
3. Stress and exhausting workouts
Exhausting sports training can adversely affect the health of the adrenal gland, thyroid and pituitary gland, which usually leads to violations of the menstrual cycle.
For example, women who are preparing for a marathon or sports competitions, may face a lack of menstruation within one to two months due to changes in hormonal activity.
Typically, about 81% of women who are engaged in bodybuilding, face amenorrhea, at least 1 time in life.
4. Hormonal imbalance
Hormonal imbalance, which leads, for example, to polycystic ovary syndrome, is the main cause of the menstrual cycle failure.
It changes the level of sexual hormones in the body, including estrogen, progesterone and testosterone.
This can cause such unpleasant consequences, as, for example, abnormal growth of hair on the body, acne and sudden fluctuations in weight.
Another hormonal problem is the so-called “premature menopause”, which can begin before the onset of 40 years.
As a rule, irregular menstruation is accompanied by:
- Dryness in the vagina
- Night sweats
- Sharp changes in mood
5. Allergy and intolerance to certain foods
Intolerance to certain foods and food allergies can disrupt the regularity of the menstrual cycle.
Almost always this harms the activity of the adrenal glands, causes stress and an imbalance of sexual hormones.
6. Lack of nutrients
Malnutrition can negatively affect the thyroid and adrenal glands.
The lack of antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and probiotics in the body increases the level of cortisol in the body and leads to hypothyroidism and corticosteroid fatigue.
A high level of cortisol not only increases stress, but also inhibits the activity of many important hormones that are responsible for sexual activity.
At the first sign of irregular menstruation, it is very important to guarantee your body a full balanced diet.
It is important to know what factors cause irregularities in the menstrual cycle in order to provide appropriate treatment.
In addition, you need to consult a doctor to check the hormonal background and the factors that affect this problem.