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Tuesday, July 16, 2019

Almost everyone consumes flour at some point. Especially in the Indian subcontinent, flour is one the important staple food. It is the basis for most baked like bread, cookies, and biscuits.

There are many types of flour that can be used for cooking or baking. One of the common types of four used is the all-purpose flour or Maida made from wheat.

A cup of Maida, bleached and enriched is a great source of selenium, riboflavin, niacin, and thiamin. It is also a good source of copper, iron, phosphorus, and zinc.

This blog post will discuss nutrition in 1 cup of Maida flour.

(Note: All the nutrition facts represented here are based on 125 gm of Maida serving)

Nutritional Content Of Maida Flour (Serving 125gm)

Saturated Fats (0.2g):

  • Maida contains around 0.2gm of saturated fatty acids.
  • Saturated fats taken in healthy amounts are beneficial for your health.
  • Lauric and stearic acid found in saturated fats can actually help you maintain your cholesterol and maintain your heart health.
  • Majority of your brain is made from saturated fats. So consuming saturated fats will help you maintain your brain’s health.
  • Saturated fats are necessary for calcium to be incorporated into your bones.
  • Without sufficient amount of saturated fats, your ability to fight invaders like bacteria and viruses could get impaired.
  • Saturated fats act as an insulation coating for your internal nervous system Lacking this will make you susceptible to more internal and external stress.

Polyunsaturated fats (0.5g):

  • Consuming Maida is a good source of polyunsaturated fatty acids.
  • Polyunsaturated fatty acids are not made in the body and hence need to be added externally through your diet.
  • These are essential fatty acids required for the proper functioning of the body.
  • Polyunsaturated acids attach to bad cholesterol and help it get clear out of the system.
  • Polyunsaturated fats can help you lower blood pressure.
  • It reduces the risk of irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias).
  • Slows the building up of plaque in your arteries.
  • Controls the sugar level.
  • Polyunsaturated acids are necessary to build cell nerves around the nerves of your body.

Monounsaturated fatty acids (0.1g)

  • Like Polyunsaturated fatty acids, monounsaturated acids are also essential fatty acids and are not produced by the body.
  • Adding Maida to your daily intake could help you gain these both essential fatty acids.
  • Monounsaturated fatty acids help you control weight gain.
  • They help you manage your risk factor for heart diseases.
  • Monounsaturated fatty acids improve your insulin sensitivity.
  • Inflammation contributing to chronic diseases like obesity and heart diseases. Studies have shown that MUFAs reduce inflammation with metabolic syndrome.
  • Monounsaturated allows your bones to absorb calcium effectively and maintain bone health.
  • Also helps you better your bad mood swings.

Sodium (3mg):

  • Although a small amount, Maida does contain a small amount of sodium.
  • Sodium is one of the elements that help you regulate the fluid levels in the human body.
  • Sodium helps in preventing sunstroke or heat exhaustion by replacing the loss of loss electrolytes.
  • The brain is very sensitive to change in sodium levels in the body, deficiency in sodium can manifest into confusion and lethargy.
  • The Sodium helps you manage cramps occurring in summer due to lack of electrolytes.
  • Sodium controls the reaction of kidneys, frequency, and content of urination.
  • Sodium facilitates the absorption of glucose by cell membranes, resulting in a smooth transition of nutrients in the body.

Potassium (133.75gm):

  • Potassium is one of the essential macrominerals which we need to intake daily.
  • Maida flour is one of the good sources of potassium.
  • Ensuring a good potassium intake will regulate your blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases.
  • Potassium deficiency can lead to fatigue and weakness.
  • It helps you maintain your muscles and bone health.
  • Potassium helps regulate heart and muscle contractions.
  • Potassium intake helps you prevent osteoporosis. A condition characterized by hollow and porous bones.
  • Potassium has been used to treat water retention. A condition where excess water builds up in the body.
  • Potassium helps in avoiding the formation of kidney stones.
  • Potassium is important for the nervous system, activating the nerve impulse.  

Dietary Fibers (3.4g):

  • Maida flour is a good source of dietary fibers, benefits of which are listed down below.
  • Certain types of dietary fibers help you slow down the breakdown of carbohydrates and the absorption of fibers, maintaining the sugar level.
  • Fiber supplements have shown in aiding the weight loss management in obese people.
  • Fiber helps you normalize the bowel movements.
  • Many studies suggest that dietary fibers play a role in colon cancer prevention.
  • Numbers of studies have suggested that regular fiber intake has reduced the chances of stroke.
  • Dietary fiber may reduce your risk of diverticulitis – an inflammation of polyps in your intestine.

Protein (12.9g):

  • Maida is an excellent source of protein and the primary reason why it is preferred by many Indians.
  • Your body needs proteins for growth and maintenance of the tissues.
  • Enzymes are the protein that allows key that allows the key chemical reaction to take place in the body.
  • A class of proteins known as fibrous proteins provides various parts of the body with structure, strength, and elasticity.
  • Protein helps form antibodies which in turn protect your body from foreign invasion.
  • Some proteins transport nutrients across our body, while others store them.
  • Protein acts as a buffer system, maintaining your blood’s pH level.

Iron (32%):

  • Those who consume Maida have been found to have a healthy amount of iron content in the body.
  • Iron promotes muscle functions and helps provide the supply of oxygen required for the contraction of muscles.
  • Iron deficiency is one of the reasons for restless leg syndrome. Consume Maida can help you fight this syndrome.
  • It regulates your body temperature.
  • Iron is the oxygen carrier and thus involves itself in transferring oxygen from one cell to another.
  • Anemia is the most common nutritional deficiency on the plane. Iron is helpful in treating this horrible disease.
  • Iron helps you eliminate fatigue from the body.

Conclusion

Maida is one of the widely consumed flours across India. It is important for you to know the nutritional content of a stape which is such a big part of your daily lives. I hope the nutritional profile of Maida helped you understand why most Indians prefer this as a staple food.

Written by:

Akriti Sharma, an Expert Food writer at Samrat India, has been in this industry for the last five years. Over the years she has written for a variety of publications. She loves to write on food and recipes to help people improve their health, food and cuisine knowledge.

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