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Monday, October 7, 2019

Seven Things About Skin Cancer

Skin cancer has become a global challenge to the modern world. Every year such a diagnosis is made increasingly.

This disease affects mainly people over 50 years of age, but it also occurs in younger people, especially those who too often expose their skin to sunlight.

More common is skin cancer, different from melanoma (melanoma is a malignant tumor that develops from melanocytes).

Its occurrence is most influenced by such factors as the ultraviolet component of solar radiation and the DNA mutations occurring in the cells of the epithelium.

Despite the increase in the incidence of skin cancer, mortality rates for this reason have stabilized, and more and more often the disease is diagnosed in a timely manner.

Therefore, it is very important to know as much as possible about it and learn to notice warning signs on time.

Unfortunately, many know about this disease is not enough. We will tell you about seven important things related to it.

1. Prolonged exposure to sunlight increases the risk

Many people consider prolonged exposure to the sun as something harmless, as paying for it involves only a small skin burn that will take place in a couple of days.

But few people know that such burns (and associated solar radiation) gradually worsen the state of skin cells, and this significantly increases the risk of cancer.

2. Use sunscreen is not enough

Although applying sunscreen on the skin, minimizes the negative effects of sun exposure, this alone does not guarantee recovery from skin cancer.

The sun is only one of the factors that influence the onset of this disease. Other factors are toxins, smoking, malnutrition.

3. Each birthmark can become malignant

In most cases, at the beginning of the cancer, a spot appears that begins to grow and acquires an asymmetric shape. 

But cancer can also develop from a mole, in which malignant cells have fallen.

This is how melanoma occurs, which occurs less frequently than other types of skin cancer, but is particularly aggressive.

4. Large moles increase the risk

The risk of the degeneration of a birthmark into a malignant tumor increases if the mole is a fairly large size and refers to the type of congenital moles. 

Such birthmarks appear in a person from birth and usually become larger with time.

5. “Sunbathing” in a solarium can be dangerous

Regular irradiation with artificial sun lamps is also a risk factor.

Although it to some extent replaces the irradiation required by a person with sunlight, it is important to remember that these lamps also emit ultraviolet radiation, which can be dangerous to the skin .

6. The cause may be infected

Another possible cause of skin cancer is its damage and chronic inflammation arising from burns and infections.

If the skin protecting the inner part of the body is seriously damaged, the risk of the appearance and development of malignant tumors increases significantly.

7. The formula “AKORD” will help to notice alarm signals

Occurrence of spots on the skin and abnormal “behavior” of moles  are alarming signals, which give grounds to suspect the development of skin cancer.

Recognize these signals will help the formula that the doctors offered. In the Russian-language version, it sounds like “AKORD”:

  • A – asymmetry. One half of the birthmark or birthmark is very different from the other.
  • K is the edge. On the edges there are notches and irregularities.
  • O – color. The usual birthmark should be painted evenly. Inclusions of different colors indicate a danger.
  • P is the size. The diameter of the birthmark exceeds 6 millimeters.
  • D – dynamics. Gradually the mole changes its shape, size and color.

Remember that the most effective way to prevent a dangerous development of events is regular (at least once a year) visits to a dermatologist that you trust.

Try not to miss the alarms and if you have any suspicions, contact a specialist.

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