Do you have difficulty sleeping? Do you sleep less than 8 hours a day? If you answered yes to these questions, be more careful. Lack of sleep puts our health at risk. Problems with sleep sooner or later affect our state of health.
It has long been known to people that the duration and quality of sleep are inextricably linked to the state of our health. After all, during a night sleep in the body, there are a number of important processes necessary for human life.
Sleep disorders threaten with unpleasant consequences for both physical and emotional health of a person. As for the former, they are usually felt immediately. The latter appear with time and without proper control can pose a serious danger.
A calm and continuous sleep stabilizes our emotional state and has a beneficial effect on our physical health. It can be confidently asserted that lack of sleep causes a significant decrease in the quality of human life. What exactly threatens your health bad and insufficient sleep?
Increased blood pressure
When we do not sleep, sleep too little or hardly fall asleep, there are problems with blood pressure.
In a person who sleeps less than 8 hours a day, the systolic pressure may rise to 132 (it is recommended that this figure does not exceed 120).
Disorders of the pancreas
Lack of sleep and rest inevitably affects the work of the pancreas, namely, leads to violations of the process of processing glucose. Because of this, a person has increased blood sugar, increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and obesity.
The appearance of hunger
Lack of sleep is associated with an increase in body weight. This is explained by the fact that when we sleep a little, the production of leptin, a hormone, which reduces appetite, is reduced in our body. In this case, on the contrary, our body produces more ghrelin, stimulating appetite.
Therefore, we can safely say that a lack of sleep increases the risk of excess weight. When we do not sleep well, we often feel hungry and eat more foods rich in carbohydrates. As you know, they are very caloric.
In this case, hunger becomes our constant companion, and its cause is precisely the lack of sleep.
Less energy consumption
Bad sleep strongly affects the physical activity of a person. When we sleep a little, it becomes more difficult for us to lead an active life. Because of this, we spend less energy and start gaining weight.
In the event that a decrease in physical activity is accompanied by an increase in appetite and a craving for harmful food, the risk of excess weight increases many times.
Effect of sleep on the brain
It is on the work of the human brain that lack of sleep affects first of all.
The consequences of this negative impact can be seen right away: after a hard night it becomes more difficult for us to concentrate on the work we are doing, intellectual work is given to us with great difficulty.
But the impact of a lack of sleep on the work of the brain does not end there. Over time, the process of purifying this organ from proteins forming protein plaques is disrupted. In the future, this may threaten the development of dementia or Alzheimer’s disease.
Weakening of immunity
Lack of sleep causes physical exhaustion, which is why our immunity weakens. In the immune system, the production of antibodies necessary to control various infections and diseases is reduced. Because of this, our body becomes more vulnerable.
Sleep disturbances instantly affect our mood. We become irritable and begin to experience stress, nervous tension and depression.
After a difficult night or too short a sleep in our body, the production of cortisol increases. It is this hormone that increases the risk of stress.
When we sleep less than 8 hours a day, we often suffer from severe muscle and headaches throughout the day.
Insomnia, smoking and exposure to the sun are the main causes of premature skin aging.
This is due to the fact that it is during sleep that our body increases the production of hormones that make it possible to keep the skin smooth and avoid wrinkles.
Do not forget that a good rest promotes the regeneration of cells and protects them from the negative effects of free radicals.
Do you spend hours in the gym to have strong and developed muscles? This will not bring any result if you do not sleep much.
During sleep, various hormones are produced in our body that participate in the basic processes of vital activity of our body. The hormones responsible for the growth and development of muscle tissue are also among them. Therefore, people who sleep little, it is difficult to achieve stronger muscles. Their muscles get tired faster.