Women Hormones – The average person rarely asks a question – what role in his life played by hormones? It is not surprising because this is not some particular organ, which can be seen or touched. But only chemical compounds or, more correctly, the biologically active substances released in minuscule quantities. Women are rarely thinking about the hard fate of women’s. And hormones during critical days, men also use only one term – testosterone is associated with masculinity and courage. Among other things, hormones – the important thing. It is on their level, and the ratio of one particularly taken the body depends on the reproductive function. That is reproduction, growth, development, sexual desire, appetite, mood, and even our good sex. In a word – all life is ruled by hormones.
If you begin to list them all, you have to write a whole book. Therefore, we focused only on those hormones that affect reproductive health.
Traditionally considered male hormones androgens. But this does not mean that they are not present in the female body. The chief representative of this group – testosterone, it was on his terms doctor judges the entire androgen group.
Function: The effect on the development of secondary sexual characteristics, and skeletal muscle, the sebaceous glands are responsible for the elaboration of the follicle and stimulate sexual desire.
Raising: may indicate adrenal hyperplasia, or the presence of tumor in the body, which is also in most cases produces testosterone.
Decreasing the level: may indicate kidney failure, prostatitis. Characteristics of people with Down syndrome. It is also possible when taking certain medications.
As the suspect at a surplus: irregular menstrual cycles, excessive dryness of the skin, irritability, emergence of women purely male characteristics (hair on the face and chest, lowered tone of voice), activity, including sex.
As the suspect at his lack: lack of sexual desire, irregular menstrual cycles, excessive sweating, oily skin.
Doctors called progesterone – the hormone in pregnant women. However, this does not mean that progesterone is not present in non-pregnant
Function: it is during pregnancy up to 4 months, the corpus luteum (iron, which is formed in the ovary after ovulation) actively produces progesterone until the placenta is formed and will take on life support function. If a woman is not pregnant – progesterone are actively preparing for this body, as the primary task of the hormone – promote the development of the egg and its placement in the uterus. If pregnancy has not occurred, the corpus luteum dies, and menstruation begins. Also affects the nervous system, sebaceous and mammary glands, uterus growth.
Raising: may cause uterine bleeding, corpus luteum cyst, renal failure.
Decreasing the level: indicates the absence of ovulation uterine bleeding, inflammatory processes, and problems with gestation.
As the suspect at a surplus: Pain in the ovaries, irregular menstruation, excessive nervousness, predisposition to depression.
As the suspect at the lack of “protracted” monthly, or lack thereof, the increased activity including sexual, brittle nails.
The group decided to include three major hormones – estradiol, estrone, estriol.
Function: The effect on the operation and development of sex organs, mammary glands, bone growth, determine the libido. Together with progesterone are the main “overseers” of pregnancy and childbirth.
Increasing the level: it is one of the leading causes of excess weight. Particular care doctor watches the quantity of estrogen in pregnant women. Elevated levels may indicate a threatened miscarriage, fetal distress, intrauterine infection. Also, the level of estrogen surge can cause precancerous and tumor states.
Decreasing the level: threatened by excessive body hair, deepening of the voice, lack of menstruation.
As the suspect at a surplus: Shortness of breath, heart problems, a bright red-and-blue venous mesh on the legs, sudden weight gain.
As the suspect at the lack of hair color for no reason at all was dark, there is a constant feeling of hunger, the appearance of male characteristics in women (body hair, deepening of the voice tone), a decrease in sexual activity.
Shorten doctors call this group of LH hormone. They are entirely accurate, and level for each should be defined individually, as his vibrations can affect many factors, ranging from sports and ending with another cigarette.
Function: to help the formation of follicles in women.
Raising: problems with the pituitary gland, until the tumors, polycystic ovaries, endometriosis, kidney disease.
Decreasing the level: disruption of the pituitary gland, genetic diseases, anorexia.
As the suspect at a surplus: a headache, dyspnea, malaise, menstrual problems. You may experience the same symptoms as when an excess of estrogen, since estrogen helps in the formation of LH, and therefore the latter will be produced in larger quantities.
As the suspect at the lack of problems with the digestive tract, excessive thinness, or vice versa – the fullness, irregular menstrual cycles; may have the same symptoms as when an excess of estrogen.
Abbreviated – FSH is fundamental in the formation of libido.
Function: This is the level of this hormone determines our sexual appetites – both men and women. Regulates the function of sexual glands, is responsible for the formation of egg cells. The formation of the follicle and estrogen formation. At the height of raising FSH ovulation occurs.
Raising: may be due to uterine bleedings, alcoholism, renal disorders, pituitary tumors.
Decreasing the level: may indicate polycystic, pituitary and hypothalamic disease, reproductive system.
As the suspect at a surplus: the absence of menstruation for several months. Or bleeding regardless of the cycle, a variety of infectious and chronic diseases of the genital tract, headache.
As the suspect at the lack of irregular periods. Or a complete lack thereof, infectious and chronic diseases of the genitals.
Doctors call this hormone Moody as a great influence on him has an emotional state. The more negative emotions, stress, and depression, the higher the level. And vice versa – the propensity of man to tears, resentment, sullenness often dependent on prolactin.
Function: Plays an important role during lactation – he is responsible for milk production in women. Also, it stimulates the development of the gonads. Prolactin is involved in the water-salt balance of the body, “signaling” the kidneys, which need to process, and that the delay.
Raising: may be indicative of diseases such as polycystic ovaries, pituitary tumor, cirrhosis, arthritis, hypovitaminosis, lupus erythematosus. Regularly increased prolactin can develop into hyperprolactinemia – the disease is now the leading cause of infertility.
Decreasing the level: may indicate a pituitary disease.
As the suspect at a surplus: the chest, “capricious,” regardless of the menstrual cycle. Swells, aches, pain, it is also the possible allocation of a small amount of white liquid from the chest (unless the woman is not pregnant and not breastfeeding). Frequent urge to use the toilet, headaches, joint pain, menstrual irregularities. There are the same symptoms as in excess of testosterone.
As the suspect at the lack of excessive sweating, thirst, the same symptoms as that of testosterone shortage.